Different types of punk
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Punk rock | Punk genres

Anarcho-punk - Anti-folk - Crust punk - Death rock - Garage punk - Gothic rock - Hardcore & Post-hardcore - Horror punk - New Wave - No Wave - Noise rock - Oi! - Pop punk - Post-punk - Post-punk revival - Psychobilly - Riot grrrl - Ska punk - Two Tone


Horror punk is a dark style of music mixing Gothic and punk rock sounds with morbid imagery. Often, song topics are taken from horror movies, but the best horror punk creates atmosphere by telling tales through the song. It is closely related to and often overlaps with the Death Rock movement, which tends to lean more towards the goth or rockabilly sound&mdash and usually excludes hardcore punk and metal bands.


Although following bands like The Damned & The 13th Floor Elevators, The Misfits are considered to be the first horror punk band. They were followed by bands like Samhain (the members of which parted, with Glenn Danzig, former frontman of the Misfits, and Eerie Von forming Danzig, and the remaining members of Samhain forming a short-lived band with Davey Havoc, the frontman of AFI, called Son of Sam), 45 Grave, and Mourning Noise. A japanese band called Balzac later became part of the Horror Punk scene.


In England about the same time, the band Rudimentary Peni went from their anarcho-punk roots to something more death rock, lyrically influenced by the works of HP Lovecraft, and created another horror punk sound


Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas.


While one punk might see anarchy as an expression of chaos and violence, other punks may see it as an expression of peace and equality.


Punks who see it as chaos and violence are followers of Anarchy, while punks who see it as peace and equiality are followers of Anarchism, both commonly confused with eachother.

Emo or emocore is a subgenre of punk rock music. Use of the term (and which musicians should be so classified) has been the subject of much debate.

In its original incarnation, the term "emo" was used to describe the music of the mid-1980s DC scene and its associated bands. Eventually, the DC scene adopted the term "emo-core", short for "emotional hardcore", derived from the fact that, on occasion, members of a band would become spontaneously and literally emotional during performances. The most recognizable names of the period included Rites of Spring, Embrace, One Last Wish, Beefeater, Grey Matter, Fire Party and slightly later, Moss Icon. The first wave of emo began to fade after the breakups of most of the involved bands in the early 1990s.

The so-called "indie emo" scene survived until the end of the 1990s, as many of the bands either disbanded or shifted their style to the mainstream.


As the remaining indie emo bands entered the mainstream, newer bands began to emulate the more mainstream style, creating a style of music that has now earned the moniker "emo" within popular culture. Whereas, even in the past, the term "emo" was used to identify a wide variety of bands, the breadth of bands listed under today's emo is even more vast, leaving the term "emo" as more of a loose identifier than as a specific genre of music.


In all of its forms, emo music generally shares some of the same concepts: personal, meaningful lyrics, usually of an introspective nature, and a deep connection with a band's audience.


Screamo is a musical genre that developed out of emo, more specifically hardcore emo, in the early 1990s. Characteristic of the genre are the screaming vocals (not growling). Other than that, it is fairly hard to classify (particularly since the rule about screaming vocals is bent fairly often). It is sometimes also mistakenly referred to as "emo violence", which is closely related (although bands in both genres borrow ideas from each other).


Screamo bands play a thrashy brand of emo often featuring harmonizing guitar riffing and anguished vocal screams. It is sometimes perceived that because of its sheer speed and brutality, screamo bands often border on grindcore, however what basis this has in fact is questionable. Many screamo bands play a slower melodic breakdown in songs. Lyrically, screamo topics are often times introspective, although it is not uncommon to see a screamo band with political lyrics. Most screamo songs use imagery and metaphors to speak of lost love or failed friendships.


Anti-folk (or antifolk) is a genre of music related to punk rock and American folk music that originated in the mid-1980s in New York City.


Anti-folk had its roots in punk rock, and is still considered by some to be an active subgenre within that scene. By a loose definition, Anti-folk combines the raw, abrasive, and frequently politically charged attitudes of the punk scene with the sounds of American folk tradition.


Anti-folk, as appropriated by Beck on albums such as Mellow Gold and Stereopathetic Soul Manure, mixes the musical style of folk music with punk, as well as ironic and often nonsensical lyrics. This genre takes the earnestness of politically charged '60s hippie music and subverts it into something else: music that sounds raw and authentic, but mocks the seriousness and pretension of the established mainstream folk scene and also mocks itself. In Anti-folk, self-mockery and self-aggrandizement have somehow fused, just as political commentary fused with poppy love songs in the sixties.


Crust punk (also known as crust) is the extreme evolution of Hardcore punk. The genre might be considered hard to listen to and very abrasive, using elements of anarcho-punk and grindcore to create a unique sound that can either be fast and leaning to grindcore, or slow and mopey and/or melodic. It was originally called stenchcore. Although not the same genre, crust is closely related to d-beat, anarcho-punk, thrashcore, and grindcore.


Lyrics to crust songs tend to be dark, and based around politics and current events and even some human emotion; topics such as nuclear destruction, environmentalism, racial equality, squatting/non-conformity, apocalypse, abolishing sexism, animal rights, veganism/vegetarianism, and anarchism are common. Crust is one of the darkest subgenres of punk, and also is one of the least recognizable as punk, in terms of sound. Elements of the crust sound can be heard in many Anarcho-punk bands, such as those signed to Profane Existence, Mortarhate Records, Havoc Records, & Life is Abuse Records.


Many consider the band Amebix to be the godfathers of crust punk, and consider the Arise! LP to be the first known defining crust punk album. The band Deviated Instinct, who actually coined the term "crust punk", was one of the first bands to play the genre as it commonly recognized, today.


Listeners of crust punk music are often referred to as "crusties".


Death Rock

Birth:   Los Angeles, late 1970s

Stylistic Origins:         Punk, New Wave, Glam, Horror Films, Horror Film Scores

Cultural Origins:         United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Ireland, Germany

Typical Instruments:    Vocals - Guitar - Bass - Drums - Synthesizer

Mainstream Popularity:           Generally low although in the 1980s a few bands closely identified with Death Rock music did have top 40 hits.


Classic Deathrock Bands (through 1990) - Modern Deathrock Bands (1990-present)


Death Rock (also spelled Deathrock) is a term used to identify a playfully spooky offshoot of Punk Rock which first appeared in Los Angeles during the late 1970s.


Garage punk is a subgenre of rock music. However, as with many terms applied to popular culture, the precise meaning can be hard to define. Garage punk is often used to refer to garage bands that are on small independent record labels or that aren't on labels at all (unsigned) and that happen to play some variety of Punk. In that sense, garage punk (and likewise, garage rock) can be seen as a descendent of the Punk and New Wave movements of the late 1970s and early 1980s, as a counter-culture movement opposed to mainstream corporate rock.


In the late 1980s and into the 1990s, a new breed of revivalist Punk began to fester in the indie rock underground that became known as “garage punk.” Garage punk is obviously closely related to garage rock revival, although most of these modern garage punk bands took their influences from some of the more hard-edged proto punk bands of the garage rock genre, such as The Sonics, The Monks, The Stooges and MC5 through the early 1970s) as well as raw, simplistic "Killed By Death"-era proto punk and early New Wave, rather than by the British Invasion bands and their imitators. Some of the first garage punk bands to appear on the scene included Thee Mighty Caesars, The Gories, The Devil Dogs, Supercharger, The Mummies, The Supersuckers, The Rip Offs, The Makers, Teengenerate, The Oblivians, and Poison 13. Attitude and primitive, lo-fi, budget rock aesthetics were far more important to the development of garage punk than catchy melodies and fancy ’60s-style clothes and vintage musical equipment, and the attitude was reflected in the sound of the music: dirty, grimy, sleazy, sexy, menacing, and just flat-out ugly. The garage punk movement is not as interested in copying the sounds and looks of the ’60s so much as just trying to bash out some unpretentious, wild and wooly three-chord punk/rock’n’roll. Some of these bands (like Thee Mighty Caesars, The Mummies, Phantom Surfers, Man or Astro-Man?, and The Bomboras) also experimented with instrumental surf rock.


Gothic rock evolved out of post punk during the late 1970s.


Punk rock

Stylistic origins:          1950s R&B, rock and roll, country, and rockabilly, 1960s garage rock, frat rock, psychedelic rock, pub rock, glam rock, and proto-punk

Cultural origins:          Mid 1970s United States, Australia and United Kingdom.

Typical instruments:    Vocals – Guitar – Bass – Drums

Mainstream popularity:           Chart-topping in the UK, less success elsewhere. Some success for pop punk, especially ska punk and Two Tone

Derivative forms:        Alternative rock – Emo – Math rock – Gothic rock – Post-punk – post-punk revival – Grunge


Alcopunk – Anarcho-punk – Anti-folk – Christian punk – Crust punk – Garage punk – Hardcore – Horror punk – New Wave – Oi! – Pop punk

Fusion genres

Anti-folk – Death rock – Funkcore – Jazz punk – Psychobilly – Queercore – Ska punk – Two Tone

Regional scenes

Punk rock in Belgium

Other topics

Cassette culture – DIY – Pioneers – First wave – Second wave – Punk cities – Punk movies – Fanzine – Fashion


Gothic rock evolved out of post punk during the late 1970s. Originally considered just a label for a small handful of punk rock/post punk bands, Goth only began to be defined as a separate movement in 1981. While most punk bands focused on aggressive, outward rock, the early gothic bands were more introverted and personal, with elements that can be traced to much older literary movements such as Gothic horror, Romanticism, existential philosophy, and the philosophical construct of nihilism. The earliest Gothic bands were Bauhaus (whose song "Bela Lugosi's Dead" is said to have created the gothic scene), The Cure, and Siouxsie & the Banshees.


Hardcore punk

Stylistic origins:          Punk rock

Cultural origins:          early 1980s North America

Typical instruments:    Guitar - Bass - Drums (Double kick)

Mainstream popularity:           Little to none during the careers of the bands, has gained much popularity in recent years

Derivative forms:        Emo - Post-hardcore


Christian hardcore - Crust_punk - D-beat - Gothcore - Mathcore - Melodic hardcore - Power violence - Queercore - Skate punk - Straight edge - Thrashcore - Youth crew

Fusion genres

Crossover thrash - Funkcore - Grunge - Metalcore

Regional scenes

Australia - Brazil - Canada - Italy - Japan - Scandinavia: Umeå - USA: Boston - Chicago - Detroit - Los Angeles - Minneapolis - New Jersey - New York - Phoenix - North Carolina - Seattle - San Francisco - Southern California - Texas - DC

Other topics

Hardcore dancing - List of bands - DIY Punk Ethic


Hardcore punk (or hardcore) is an intensified version of punk rock usually characterized by short, loud, and often passionate songs with exceptionally fast tempos and chord changes.


Post-hardcore, as the name might suggest, is a musical offshoot of the hardcore punk movement. The earliest appearances of the genre were in Washington, D.C. in the mid- to late-1980s (see the era's releases on Dischord Records, for example), though it was not widely known until the early 1990s. Post-hardcore, as a musical genre, is marked by its precise rhythms and loud guitar-based instrumentation accompanied by vocal performances that are as often sung as whispered or shouted. The genre has developed a unique balance of dissonance and melody, in part channeling the loud and fast hardcore ethos into more measured, subtle forms of tension and release. It shares with its hardcore roots an intensity and social awareness as well as a DIY punk ethic, yet eschews much of the unfocused rage and loose, sometimes amatuerish musicianship of punk rock.


The original post-hardcore sound became more and more difficult to find throughout the 1990s and has nearly vanished from the public eye, though the genre still thrives in more underground circles as well as in new, more radical forms. Related genres include both emo and math rock, which share a common heritage with post-hardcore, though these two genres have since diverged and developed uniquely unto themselves.


Math rock is a style of rock music that emerged in the late 1980s. It is characterised by complex, atypical rhythmic structures, stop/start dynamics and angular, dissonant riffs.


New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in American, Australian, British, Canadian

and European popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City punk rock scene, itself centered around the club CBGB.


Punk rock

Stylistic origins:          1950s R&B, rock and roll, country, and rockabilly, 1960s garage rock, frat rock, psychedelic rock, pub rock, glam rock, and proto-punk

Cultural origins:          Mid 1970s United States, Australia and United Kingdom.

Typical instruments:    Vocals – Guitar – Bass – Drums

Mainstream popularity:           Chart-topping in the UK, less success elsewhere. Some success for pop punk, especially ska punk and Two Tone

Derivative forms:        Alternative rock – Emo – Math rock – Gothic rock – Post-punk – post-punk revival – Grunge


Alcopunk – Anarcho-punk – Anti-folk – Christian punk – Crust punk – Garage punk – Hardcore – Horror punk – New Wave – Oi! – Pop punk

Fusion genres

Anti-folk – Death rock – Funkcore – Jazz punk – Psychobilly – Queercore – Ska punk – Two Tone

Regional scenes

Punk rock in Belgium

Other topics

Cassette culture – DIY – Pioneers – First wave – Second wave – Punk cities – Punk movies – Fanzine – Fashion


No Wave was a short-lived but influential offshoot of punk rock centered in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s. The term No Wave was partly a satiric wordplay rejecting the commercial elements of the then-popular New Wave genre, and also a declaration of the music's experimental nature: No Wave music belonged to no fixed style or genre.


In many ways, No Wave is not a clearly definable genre. There is, for example, no fixed harmony as in most rock music and blues music. There are some elements common to many No Wave performers, including abrasive atonal sounds, strong emphasis on repetitive rhythm, and more emphasis on mood and texture than on conventional melody. Lyrics often focused on nihilism and confrontation ("little orphans running through the bloody snow/no more ankles and no more clothes"-Teenage Jesus and the Jerks), or were puzzlingly abstract.


Noise rock is a musical genre that developed in the 1980s as an experimental outgrowth of punk rock. Fusing punk rock's attitude with the atonal noise and unconventional song structures of early industrial and noise music, the noise rock introduced a new kind of avant-garde music to the alternative rock landscape. The style is sometimes referred to as "noisecore", though this term can also refer to a variety of fast, distorted hardcore techno music.


"Oi!" is the name given to a sub-genre of punk music that sought to align punk with a working-class "street level" following. It began in the latter part of 1977, fusing the styles of early punk bands such as the Clash and the Ramones with early British rock like the Rolling Stones and The Who, and was seen as promoting unity between punks and skinheads. Originally, the style was called "streetpunk" or "reality-punk"; it wasn't until the early 1980s that music journalist Garry Bushell labeled the movement "Oi!", supposedly derived from the Cockney Rejects song "Oi! Oi! Oi!".


Pop punk is a term applied to a style of punk rock music that became commercially successful during the late 1990s with the band blink-182, based on earlier groundwork laid by groups such as Green Day. The pop punk genre, though highly debated as authentically punk, or merely teen-focused pop, is nonetheless a powerful force. Many musicians who started in pop punk bands would later go on to form more hard-edged sounds as the members grew older and more experienced. The most notorious exemple is the new Green Day album the punk-rock opera American Idiot which shows obvious growth in maturity and musicianship in the bandmembers as they reach their mid-30.


Pop music

Stylistic origins:          A variety of influences, especially Rock and Roll

Cultural origins:          1950s United States

Typical instruments:    Electric guitar, Electric bass guitar, Drums,


Keyboard, synthesizers

Mainstream popularity:           From 1960s to present - United States, Europe, and Asia

Derivative forms:       


Bubblegum pop - Traditional pop music - Teen pop

Fusion genres

Pop punk - Pop rock - Pop rap - Power pop

Regional scenes

Asia: C-pop (Cantopop, Mandarin pop) - Indian pop - J-pop - K-pop - Europe: Europop (Britpop - Nederpop) - Americas: United States - Música Popular Brasileira

Other topics

Pop culture - Boy band - Girl group - Pop princess


Green Day and the First Wave of California Punk


It wasn't until 1994 that the melodic strand of punk inspired by the Ramones broke through on par with Nirvana's success. Green Day's album Dookie was the record which put pop punk on the map. The record was a huge commercial success, both in terms of sales and exposure on commercial radio and MTV. The Offspring's breakthrough album Smash arrived a couple of months later, selling more than 11 million copies and becoming the biggest selling release of all time on an independent record label.


Other bands like Rancid and NOFX were pulling their weight and selling out huge concert halls. In addition many of the bands of the late 80's and early 90's who championed this style such as Crimpshrine, Jawbreaker, blink-182, Screeching Weasel and The Descendents just to name a few found a public much more ready for their sound. Lookout Records was one of the main labels behind Green Day and others. Fat Wreck Chords (owned by Fat Mike of NOFX) and Epitaph Records (owned by Brett Gurewitz of Bad Religion) also hosted pop punk artists, though they had a reputation for a more aggressive and diverse roster.


The overnight success and sell-out status controversy of Green Day created a media whirlwind which reached all corners of the country. In response, teens all over picked up guitars and started bands, many hoping to achieve what Green Day and The Offspring had done. Green Day was formed in the late 80's and was caustically anti-major label, turning down offers from the majors for years. Maximum RocknRoll, which, apart from being a magazine, was anti-major labels and anti-corporate advertising, had supported Green Day and many other bands which eventually went on to sign with majors.



Blink-182 and the Second Wave of Southern Californian Punk


In 1999, blink-182 released their breakthrough album Enema of the State. Whereas Green Day and their contemporaries had not really altered their sound during the move from indie to major label, blink-182's breakthrough record boasted a radio friendly sound and slick production when compared to the more thrashy, trashy sound of their independently released recordings. The album disappointed some fans who accused them of selling out, blatantly softening their sound in pursuit of major success and playing the major label game by the book. By this point the pop punk genre had completely crossed over to the mainstream. Listeners of Enema were often jock or preppy kids who were seen to be in direct opposition to the punk kids to whom this music "belonged." However with the Internet full steam ahead, the accessibility of music and the impending dot com bubble and burst on the horizon, more and more kids were downloading songs and listening to music which would have previously been outside their "domain." The result was that all subcultures became much more accessible and as such also lost their potency. The listeners of music now were also probably listening to hundreds of other bands probably overlapping several genres.


Despite, or perhaps because of this, Enema of the State became the band's most commercially successful release to date, garnering much radio airplay and widespread airing of the band's pop-parody music video for "All the Small Things". Their next album, Take off Your Pants and Jacket continued their commercial success and was similar in style to Enema of the State, alternating thrashy choruses with chuggy verses and combining the catchy melodies and anthemic choruses of Green Day with American Pie style humour. Following the success of the album, major recording labels began heavily recruiting and promoting punk pop acts.


Bands such as Good Charlotte and Sum 41 had hits on both sides of the Atlantic following this mass signing of punk bands by major labels. These, as well as lesser known bands such as Bowling for Soup, became prime targets for criticism. They were perceived as adding little-to-nothing to the pop punk sound that already existed and were criticised from certain quarters that viewed them as pure careerists, apeing a sound that had reached its conclusion years ago, purely to become rich and famous.



The new millennium


The new millennium brought on a host of new pop punk groups which pushed catchy singalong melodies and simple sugar-coated guitar solos. The emo strain had also crossed back into the punk genre. New Found Glory mocked and embraced the "boy band" culture surrounding Britney Spears, *NSYNC and the Backstreet Boys. Allister, The Ataris, Midtown, Saves the Day, Fall Out Boy, The All-American Rejects, Simple Plan, and Good Charlotte are some of the bands achieving widespread notoriety. Bowling For Soup also clocked in with some nerd tunes with almost a nod to Weird Al Yankovic. Yellowcard won some awards.


Among the old pioneers, in 2004 Green Day have released their most acclaimed album so far, American Idiot. Labeled punk-rock opera, it is a bold and significant move that showcases a natural progression for the Californian act beyond their pop punk roots in a more political and retrospective way. According to the band, the album will become a movie in 2006, just like Tommy and The Wall.


blink-182 released their first untitled album, a top-seller which was more introspective with not a single joke song, marking a progression from their previous American Pie-records. The album was much acclaimed but didn't outsell their Enema of the State. Soon after the band entered into a hiatus, with bandmembers devoting to solo projects.


Bassist Mark Hoppus and drummer Travis Barker aligned with the female singer Carol Heller, formerly of Get The Girl to release a new album by the name of Plus 44, scheduled for projected release in the end of 2005. Guitarist and vocalist Tom DeLonge formed new band Angels and Airwaves - including The Offspring drummer Atom Willard and Box Car Racer bassit David Kennedy - with an album expected to be released sometime in first quarter of 2006.


In early 2001, one of the pioneers of the pop-punk genre, the Chicago-based band Screeching Weasel disbanded a few months after playing a sold-out show with Yesterday's Kids and The Queers at the House of Blues in Chicago. Following the break-up, Screeching Weasel guitarist John Jughead formed an acoustic pop-punk band, which he christened Even in Blackouts in reference to the band's capability to perform sans electrification. EiB, as the band is sometimes known, has toured extensively and put out two full-lengths and an EP. The band has won praise from critics and fans alike for their musicianship and for the new twist that have put on the pop-punk genre. Although plans were announced for a Screeching Weasel reunion tour in the fall of 2004, these failed to come to fruition. The band's frontman, Ben Weasel is currently beginning work on an eponymous solo project.



Pop Punk or Punk Pop?


The term "Pop Punk" is so despised that it is often referred to as "Punk Pop". But the two are more or less interchangeable. In 2002, the debut album by Canadian singer/songwriter Avril Lavigne, Let Go, was released. Released on June 4, 2002 by a major label, Arista Records, it sold 4,000,000 copies within six months of its release. It topped the charts around the world and, at just 18 years old, she became the youngest female to top the charts in Britain. Though her punk rock credentials are debatable, Lavigne was aggressively marketed as a "skater chick", both because of her image and the hit song "Sk8er Boi".


For many in the punk community, Avril Lavigne represented the final co-opting of punk rock by the major labels and the mainstream in general, a heavily diluted, highly radio friendly version of punk rock music with just enough (arguably fake) angst to appeal to both a pure pop demographic and young adolescents just developing an enthusiasm for punk rock. Some claimed she was just Britney Spears in punk rock clothing, supported by an even more complex and highly controlled marketing effort, and that her punky sound was a highly cynical marketing pose on behalf of her label. Whatever the truth, some longtime punk fans savagely denounced Lavigne on the Internet and elsewhere.


In Britain, Busted filled a similar role to that of Avril Lavigne, with an appeal and a sound very similar to those of Lavigne. A band highly derivative of the aforementioned Busted, McFly, became popular just after Busted's success and, with an extremely similar sound and image, reached #1 on the British official album chart. Despite the intense marketing efforts and commercial success involved with pop punk, aficionados claimed a clear distinctiveness between pop punk and punk pop.



Common misconceptions about pop punk


Pop punk is sometimes associated with the label Emo. Emo is a form of Hardcore punk that places emphasis on emotion instead of the usual politics or other social commentary. Pop punk is associated with emo because of bands like Jimmy Eat World & Get Up Kids who borrowed many emo ideas earlier in their careers, but have since been heavily affected by their respective major label deals in a way that means their music presently bears only the most superficial of similarities to emo. Additionally, many people who do not like one do not like the other and therefore think of them as the same. A further misconception is that bands like Weezer and The Vines are Pop-Punk bands. They are actually Power-Pop bands.


Arguably the biggest misconception is grouping together all music within the pop punk movement as talentless and not real punk. It is almost a cliché among rock fans to dislike all pop punk, and the worthlessness of the entire genre is seen as self-evident. However, while some music critics do not rate Simple Plan or Avril Lavigne very highly for their shallow lyrics and perceived lack of original talent, many other bands such as Green Day whose lyrics are perceived to be more deep and symbolic, have been critically acclaimed. Many experts regard the latter bands such as Simple Plan and Good Charlotte as the equivalents of The Monkees as the music industry's response to the success of The Beatles, or post-grunge as a response to grunge.



Underground Pop Punk


Parallel to the influx of mainstream pop punk bands, there are still a number that remain underground. Bands like Groovie Ghoulies from California, Screeching Weasel from Chicago, and Moral Crux from Washington have obtained a large fanbase without following the mainstream. In the punk community, listening to underground pop punk doesn't have the stigma attached to listening to their mainstream counterparts.



Notable pop punk artists/bands


(disputed — see talk page)



First Wave Acts


    * Alkaline Trio

    * blink-182

    * Goldfinger

    * Green Day

    * Lawrence Arms

    * Lagwagon (independent)

    * Me First & The Gimme Gimmes (independent)

    * Nerf Herder

    * Vindictives

    * The Mr. T Experience

    * Jawbreaker

    * Beatnik Termites

    * Queers

    * MxPx

    * No Use for a Name (independent)

    * The Offspring

    * Head

    * Parasites

    * Boris the Sprinkler

    * Zoinks!

    * The invalids

    * Underhand

    * Cletus




Second Wave Acts


    * The All-American Rejects

    * American Hi-Fi

    * The Ataris

    * Avril Lavigne

    * BODMAS

    * Bowling For Soup

    * Fenix Tx

    * Flatcat

    * Gob

    * Goldfinger

    * Good Charlotte

    * Lit

    * Lillingtons

    * McKrakins

    * The Mopes

    * Proteens

    * The Ergs!

    * The Unlovables

    * Lightning War

    * Mest

    * Midtown

    * Nailpin

    * New Found Glory

    * Not By Choice

    * Osker

    * Relient K

    * Silverene

    * Simple Plan

    * The Starting Line

    * Sugarcult

    * Sum 41

    * Yellowcard




Independent Pop Punk


    * Even In Blackouts

    * Guttermouth

    * Millencolin

    * Motion City Soundtrack

    * NOFX

    * Fall Out Boy

    * Knock Knock Records

    * Thick Records

    * Whoa Oh Records

    * Insubordination Records

    * Stardumb Records


Post-punk was a musical movement beginning at the end of the 1970s, following on the heels of the initial punk rock "explosion". For the more recent "post-punk" movement in rock music, see post-punk revival.


post-punk revival is a movement in modern rock music, being part of the larger indie/garage rock, punk, and dance genres. The post-punk revival draws in part on the conventions of the original post-punk sound from the early 1980s, yet is also an extension of and reaction to the more pop-oriented punk music of the 1990s. The movement began and is most prominent in English speaking countries such as the US, the UK, and Australia, and has been especially tied to the New York City music scene.


Riot grrrl (or riot grrl) is a form of hardcore punk rock music, known for its militant feminist stance. The genre first appeared in the early 1990s as an offshoot of alternative rock and punk music and as a response to prevalent attitudes of punk machismo, building also on a history of all-women bands. A key factor in this movement was the support for girls not needing to be musically trained to start a band.


2 Tone (or Two Tone) is a style of music created by fusing elements of punk rock and ska. The sound was pioneered in the late 1970s by UK bands such as The Specials, The Selecter, The Beat and early Madness. Many of these bands were signed to 2 Tone Records, Stiff Records and Go Feet Records and were based around the West Midlands area in the UK.


The term 2 Tone was coined by Jerry Dammers of the Specials from Coventry and summed up the West Midlands scene at that time.